South Asian countries are one of the largest regions in terms of population. South Asia is situated in the southern region of Asia, which can be defined as geographical and ethnocultural terms. The southern region consists of six countries AfghanistanBangladeshBhutanIndia, the MaldivesNepalPakistan, and Sri Lanka. The major religion of south Asia is Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, etc. South Asia covers about 2.0 million sq mi, which is 11.71% of the Asian continent or 3.5% of the world’s land area.

About 1.891 billion population contains south Asia or one-fourth of the world population that’s made it the most populous and most densely populated geographical region in the world. The SAARC or South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation was established in 1985 with seven countries – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Afghanistan admitted as an eighth member in 2007.

South Asian countries

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# Country Capital city Population Land Area(Km²) Density(P/Km²)
1 Afghanistan Kabul 38,928,346 652,860 60
2 Bangladesh Dhaka 164,689,383 130,170 1265
3 Bhutan Thimphu 771,608 38,117 20
4 India New Delhi 1,380,004,385 2,973,190 464
5 Nepal Kathmandu 29,136,808 143,350 203
6 Maldives Male 540,544 300 1,802
7 Pakistan Islamabad 220,892,340 770,880 287
8 Sri Lanka Colombo 21,413,249 62,710 341

Afghanistan overviews :

Major cities: Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kunduz.

Major university: Ariana University, Bakhtar University, Kabul Polytechnic University, Kardan University, Kateb University.

Bangladesh overviews :

Major cities: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi.

Major University: University of Dhaka, BUET, University of Chittagong, Rajshahi University, Jahangirnagar University.

Bhutan overviews :

Major cities: Thimphu, Phuntsholing, Paro, Gelephu.

Major University: The Royal University of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck School of Law, Tango University of Buddhist Studies.

India overviews :

Major cities: New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore.

Major University: The University of Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Madras.

Nepal overviews :

Major cities: Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lalitpur, Bharatpur, Biratnagar.

Major University: Kathmandu University, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara University, Purbanchal University.

Maldives overviews :

Major cities: Malé, Gan, Hithadhoo, Kulhudhuffushi, Colombo.

Major University: Maldives National University, Villa College, Cyryx College, Mandhu College.

Pakistan overviews :

Major cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi.

Major University: The University of Karachi, University of Punjab, Quaid-i-Azam University, Allama Iqbal Open University.

Sri Lanka overviews :

Major cities: Colombo, Moratuwa, Negombo, Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte

Major University: The University of Colombo, University of Jaffna, University of Moratuwa, University of Ruhuna.

South Asian countries population graph